Masagus Sulaiman, Sherly Marliasari


This research is aimed at figuring out the dominant type of language function used by five characters in The great Gatsby movie directed by Baz Luhrmann.This research applied a descriptive-qualitative method. The researchers used Holmes and Hazen’s theory to analyze the data. The results showed 304 utterances of language function  of 106 referential  and 198 expressive utterances. The first character, Nick Carraway uttered 25 referential utterances and 61 expressive utterances. The second one, Jay Gatsby uttered 37 referential utterances and 57 expressive utterances. The third one, Daisy Fay Buchanan uttered 12 referential utterances and 35 expressive utterances.The fourth one, Tom Buchanan uttered 28 referential utterances and 42 expressive utterances, and the last one, Myrtle Wilson uttered 4 referential utterances and 3 expressive utterances. In conclusion, the dominant type of language function found was expressive utterance of 198 expressions which was greater than referential utterances of 106 expressions.


language function; the great gatsby; referential; expressive

Full Text:



Holmes, J (2001). An introduction to sociolinguistics, (2nd ed). London: Pearson Education Limited.

Holmes, J (2013). An introduction to sociolinguistics, (4th ed). New York, NY: Pearson Education Limited.

Holmes & Hazen (2014). Research methods in sociolinguistics. London: John Wiley Sons, Inc.

Hornby, A.S. (2010). Oxford advanced learner’s dictionary: International student’s edition. (8th. ed). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Kridalaksana, H. (2008). Kamus linguistik, (4thed). Jakarta: PT. Gramedia Pustaka Utama.

Quinn, E. (2006). A dictionary of literary and thematic terms, (2nd ed). New York, NY: Longman.

Richards, C. J., Schmidt, R., Kendricks, H. & Kim, Y. (2002). Longman dictionary of language teaching and applied linguistics, (3th ed.). London: Longman Group Limited.

Silverstein, E. (2001). Marketing movies: A guide for young film makers, New York, NY: The Artist Right Foundation.

Smith, N. (2011). Short summary of “The Great Gatsby” by F. Scott Fitzgerald. Retrieved from

Swann, Deumert, Lillis., & Mesthrie (2004). A dictionary of sociolinguistics. London: Edinburgh University Press Ltd.

Syahri, I., Sulaiman, MGS., & Susanti, R. (2017). Metodologi penelitian bahasa, (1st ed). Palembang: Roemah Sufie.

Tavakoli, H. (2012). A dictionary of research methodology and statistics in applied linguistics. Tehran: Rahnama Press.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 English Community Journal

The Departement of English Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Palembang

Jl. Jenderal A. Yani 13 Ulu, Seberang Ulu II, Palembang (30263), Indonesia.

Indexed by :


English Community Journal has been listed in :


Creative Commons License
English Community Journal by is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.